What is Mastalgia, Mastodynia, Mammalgia? (Breast Pain)

Mastalgia (mastodynia, mammalgia) is a hypersensitivity and pain in one or both breasts. It is estimated 70% of women suffer from such phenomena which often impact on emotional disorders. Sometimes the pain is occurring even unrelated to the menstrual cycle. The occurrence of pain and tension may occur in both breasts, only one or only in certain parts of the breast.

First time when we mentioned mastalgia term was in our article about Chasteberry, or Vitex Agnus-Castus. Usually it’s two or three day’s hypersensitivity just before menstrual bleeding, but in some women it lasts longer. Mastalgia can be so much worse that a woman is not comfortable or wear clothes.. Why does mastodynia occur?

The cause of sensitivity or pain similar to piercing, breast burning can be due to various factors. However, doctors say that it is often a normal phenomenon which does mean that it is breast cancer or another serious illness.

Causes Of Mastalgia

The most common causes of mastalgia are hormonal cycle, pregnancy and fibrocystic breast changes, but sometimes it’s the case of muscle spasms of ribcage (i.e. this is not the truly a breast pain, it affects the muscles underneath), infection, or inflammation. Pain may not be associated with the menstrual cycle. Mastodynia may even be constant or come and go without menstruation period.

Mastalgia, Mastodynia, Mammalgia (Breast Pain)

There are three basic types of mastalgia:

  • Cyclic mastalgia; this pain is the most common form of breast pain. It can be caused by the normal monthly changes in hormones. The pain usually occurs in both breasts simultaneously. It is usually described as a feeling of heaviness and pain in arms and hands. Pain is the most commonly before menstrual cycle and stops with its completion. Cyclic breast pain occurs mostly in younger women. In most cases mastalgia stops by itself without treatment and usually stops during menopause.
  • Non-cyclic mastalgia; this pain is most common among women 30-50 years of age. Can appear only in one breast. This type of mastodynia is usually described it as a sharp, hot pain that occurs in one part of the breast. Sometimes, non-cyclic pain can be caused by nodules or a cyst in the breast. If the cause of this mammalgia pain can be identified, treatment will simply eliminate the pain.
  • Chest pain; it can be aggravated by changes in the level of hormones or because of drugs you are taking. Stress also affects the chest pain. You might have a better chance to have mastalgiju before menopause than after it.

Due to the rapid increase in estrogen and progesterone, breast sensitivity occurs during pregnancy. Usually it happens in the first quarter and in younger pregnant women, explain experts from the University of Maryland Medical Center. Hypersensitivity in breast can occur after birth when it comes to milk production and breastfeeding. Here comes to specific problems known as mastitis – that should be taken seriously and woman should immediately seek medical attention.

Mastalgia, Mastodynia Treatment

One of the mastodynia treatments is taking medication for the pain. Be sure to follow all the instructions that are written. If you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant, make sure you first consult with your doctor before using any medication. Medical therapy of mastalgia usually involves hormone therapy, but it is an often a topic of discussion because of its proper use and various side effects.

Evening primrose oil as non-hormonic and natural therapy is often recommended in the treatment of mastodynia. Also, a chasteberry we already wrote about is an often recommended natural remedy.

It is usually recommended a use of contraceptive pills: They can help to reduce pain and swelling breasts before the monthly cycle. But chest pain (mastalgia) is also a side effect of using these pills. Also you can try an intake of magnesium: magnesium supplements taken in the second half of the menstrual cycle (usually 2 weeks before the next period) remove cyclic mastalgia pain and other premenstrual symptoms.

Research has shown that avoiding caffeine relieves pain. Some women feel that their chest pain decreased significantly with decreasing of caffeine intake.

You can prevent chest pain, sensitivity or discomfort wearing a sports bra during exercise. The most important thing is to have a sports bra fits perfectly and that you are comfortable with it. You should allow your breasts the freedom and allow them to move along with the chest, not separately. Also, be careful when choosing appropriate material for the bra. If you follow all said treatments before, you should have no more problems with mastalgia (mastodynia, mammalgia).