What are Nasal Polyps, Nose Polyps? (Nasal Polyposis)
Nasal polyps can be treated with ease, but you have to discover them on time. The moment you feel symptoms which are described in this article, go to your doctor. In this article you can find everything about the treatment of nasal polyps. Theredheadedpharmacist.Com – Your Daily Medicine!What are Nasal Polyps, Nose Polyps?
Nasal polyps are benign creations, which can occur at any point on the mucosa of the nasal cavity or mucosa of paranasal sinuses. These are formations of inflammatory origin, whose exact cause is unknown. Polyps in nose largely cause decreased quality of life of patients, as they cause permanent nasal obstruction (post nasal drip) and can lead to a significant weakening of the sense of smell. Nasal polyps occur in people of both sexes, different ages, and can occur even in children. People suffering from other diseases have an increased risk of getting nasal polyps, such as those suffering from cystic fibrosis or those with an allergy to salicylates (a group of drugs for the pain, which includes e.g. aspirin).
Nasal Polyps, Nose Polyps Symptoms
The importance of the recognition and treatment of nasal polyps is manifested in symptoms and possible complications, which their appearance and growth can cause. Usually, the first symptom is nasal obstruction, which may be different strength, unilateral or bilateral. It can lead to significant interference of the senses of smell, i.e. decreased sensitivity (hyposmia) or complete loss (anosmia). If nose polyps close mouth sinuses, it can cause secretion increase and support the growth of bacteria in them, and consequently the development of acute and chronic inflammatory processes in them. Rarely, if polyps of the nose and sinuses is not treated on time they can even cause the destruction of bone walls of the sinuses and nasal cavity.
Patient with nasal polyps will often complain of breathing problems through the nose with different intensity Sometimes problems can occur with even the sense of taste. Increased nasal secretion is also often a sign of the illnesses of the nose, sinuses and so nasal polyposis. It is not always expressed through the nostrils, but relatively common is the occurence of postnasal discharge (secretion from the nose into the throat).
For many patients headache occurs, usually localized in the forehead and face and around the eyes. If it is a sinus mucosal polyps, signs of acute or chronic inflammation of the affected sinuses often occur. At specialist examination of the nasal cavity usually is seen typical appearance of nasal polyps, which are presented as fleshy, whitish, partially transparent creation, i.e. swelling of the nasal mucosa. They can have a starting point to different places.
Nasal Polyps, Nose Polyps Treatment
In the case of nasal polyps not always a biopsy of the formation and histopathological analysis is needed for diagnosis. Biopsy is needed if the lesion nasal polyposis has no typical appearance, and it is also one-sided. Polyps in the nose should be investigated histopathologicaly if they do not respond satisfactorily to treatment.
The exact cause of the formation of polyps in individual patients is usually very difficult to find, so the treatment of nasal polyps is focused mainly on the general treatment of inflammatory reactions. In the treatment of nonspecific inflammatory responses, including here, it is of great importance to use the corticosteroid therapy. Also, preparations can be used orally (mouth), or in the form of spray. If used orally they have an effect on the whole organism, while the spray’s systematic effect is minimized, and thus the side effects of corticosteroid therapy. Oral corticosteroids are used in larger polyps, especially those who have obstructive actions. This treatment of polyps in the nose are effective in reducing the mass of polyps, and thus improving symptoms. It is given according to certain patterns of use over several weeks, and the dosage is gradually down-warded This treatment can be repeated several times, especially in patients who are not candidates for surgical treatment. Locally acting corticosteroids are effective in the treatment of small polyps and after surgery to prevent recurrence.
When it comes to alternative medicine, the preparations of neti pot solution and patchouli essential oil can be helpful. As in almost all disorders, nasal polyosis is caused by immunity decrease, and for immunity we highly recommend Cordyceps Sinensis and Chaga Mushroom.
Nasal Polyp Surgery
If severe symptoms persist after completion of conservative treatment in patients sometimes is necessary to decide on the surgery. And it is usually an endoscopy (with the use of optical instruments). Using this method reduces the risk of complications and the results are better. The procedure consists of the removal of diseased mucosa using optics and specially designed instruments. Removed material is sent for histopathological analysis. Although the number of complications is reduced, patients should be alert to the possibility of injury of the orbit (eye socket content), cerebrospinal fluid leak, bleeding and recurrence of nasal polyps (nasal polyposis) after a certain time.